Un buscador de tesoros novato se topó recientemente con una colección de joyas de oro del siglo VI.

Gold bracteates found in Denmark

According to experts, the cache discovered by Vejlemuseerne is one of the largest and most significant of its kind in Denmark. Ole Ginnerup Schytz, a first-time treasure hunter, made an astonishing discovery using his new metal detector. He found a stash of gold artifacts dating back 1,500 years to the Iron Age in a field near the town of Jelling in southwestern Denmark last December. Since then, experts have deemed it one of the largest and most important finds in Danish history.

Schytz recalls hearing the device activate, then carefully moving aside soil to uncover a small, bent piece of metal.

Những trường hợp vô tình phát hiện kho báu cổ dưới biển

“It was scratched and covered in mud,” he tells Steffen Neupert of Danish broadcast station TV Syd. “I had no idea what it was, so all I could think of was that it looked like the lid of a can of herring.” The amateur metal detectorist had actually discovered what turned out to be the first of 22 pieces of sixth-century gold jewelry, with a total weight of just over two pounds.

In an interview with TV Syd, Schytz describes the find as “the epitome of pure luck.” He adds, “Denmark is a country of 16,621 square miles, and yet I happened to choose the exact location where this incredible discovery was made.”

Close-up view of gold artifact found in the cache

Close-up view of gold artifact found in the cache Konserveringscenter Vejle / Vejlemuseerne

Months after Schytz made a chance discovery, the Vejlemuseerne in Jutland has finally unveiled the ancient treasures to the public. Archaeologist Peter Vang Petersen states that this is the biggest find in the 40 years he has been at the National Museum of Denmark. Similar finds can only be traced back to the 16th and 18th centuries.

The haul primarily consists of bracteates, which were popular medallions in northern Europe during the Migration Period (approximately 300 to 700 C.E.). Women wore these pendants inscribed with magical symbols or runes for protection. Experts have identified several unfamiliar symbols on the newly unearthed bracteates. Mads Ravn, Director of Research at the Vejle museums, explains that interpreting these symbols could help shed light on the little-understood societies that inhabited the region before the Vikings.

“The uniqueness of these objects is attributed to the symbolism represented on them, rather than the quantity found,” says Ravn.

One of the medallions depicts the Norse god Odin and appears to be based on similar Roman jewelry that celebrated emperors as gods. Vang Petersen states, “Here we see Nordic mythology in its infancy. The Scandinavians have always been good at getting ideas from what they saw in foreign countries, and then turning it into something that suits them.”

Gold objects found by amateur treasure hunter

Many of the symbols seen on the bracteates are unfamiliar to researchers. Konserveringscenter Vejle / Vejlemuseerne

According to Artnet News, ancient artifacts discovered in the cache include gold coins from the Roman Empire that were repurposed as jewelry. One of the coins bears the image of Constantine the Great, who ruled from 306 to 337 C.E. The presence of this coin suggests that Jelling, a cradle of Viking civilization from the 8th to the 12th centuries, was a major center of power with trade connections throughout Europe.

The objects’ immaculate craftsmanship points to their original owner’s probable high status.

Pháp: Tìm thấy kho báu 1.000 đồng tiền vàng và vàng thỏi trong căn nhà cũ - 1

“Only one member of society’s absolute top [would have] been able to collect a treasure like the one found here,” says Ravn in the statement.

When experts excavated the site where Schytz found the hoard, they discovered the ruins of a village longhouse. Without the amateur treasure hunter’s discovery, “there was nothing that could [have made] us predict that an unprecedented warlord or great man lived here, long before the kingdom of Denmark arose in the following centuries,” Ravn adds.

According to archaeologists, it is believed that the gold was buried as a means of protection against invaders or as a final offering to the gods. This discovery is dated back to around 536, a time when a volcanic eruption in Iceland caused extensive damage by covering the sky with ash and leading to famine in Scandinavia. Other similar finds of gold in the region, such as the group of 32 artifacts discovered on the island of Hjarnø, have also been dated to around the same period.

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